Status and assignments

Ina was born from the break-up of ORTF in 1974. It is a national public utility company, whose statutes and assignments were defined by a number of laws governing France’s public audiovisual sector and are now part of an Objectives and Means Contract.

Status

The National Audiovisual Institute (Ina) is a National Public Utility Company, or EPIC.

The Law of August 7, 1974 replaced the ORTF (French Office of Radio and TV) by seven public audiovisual companies. Within this new system, Ina was asked to take charge of archiving, research, audiovisual production and professional training.

Article 3 of the August 7,1974 law stipulates: “The National Audiovisual Institute (Ina) is responsible for the preservation of archives, research and audiovisual production, and professional training”.

Ina went into operation on January 6, 1975.  

The general, legal, regulatory and financial framework in which Ina operates is set by the state. As a public audiovisual body, Ina’s supervisory ministry is the Ministry for Culture .

Ina’s president is chosen from among the Members of the Board representing the State, and is appointed for five years by a Council of Ministers’ decree.

Assignments

The company's missions as a public service have been defined by the following laws:

  • July 29, 1982: operating rights assigned to Ina for audiovisual archives
  • September 30, 1986: Ina was opened to the competitive market
  • June 20, 1992: Ina was put in charge of the legal deposit for radio and television
  • August 1, 2000: new operating rights were assigned to Ina from August 1, 1997
  • August 1, 2006: legal deposit for the French Internet was shared between the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BnF) and Ina.

These assignments were defined in the specifications put into effect by decree following advice from the Higher Audiovisual Council (CSA). The specifications currently in force (except for clauses that are incompatible with later laws) date from the decree published on November 13, 1987.

The decrees and government orders relating to Ina’s assignments can be consulted on the Légifrance website. 

Objectives and Means Contracts

Since 2000, Ina’s activities have been governed by an Objectives and Means Contract (COM). This contract specifies the objectives of each activity, and the allocation of budgets and human resources. It contains a series of indicators, which allow the activities to be followed over a given period. The fourth COM, covering the period from 2015 to 2019, was signed in December 2015.

Since 2000 these COM have governed the Preservation and Digitisation Plan governing Ina’s collections, which was widely introduced to avoid the disappearance of France’s audiovisual heritage. 

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