The main stages of legal deposit since 1995
From 1995, the programmes of the seven national Hertzian channels were preserved as part of the “legal deposit of radio and television”, introduced by the Law of 20 June 1992, and entrusted to Ina.
In the strict sense of the word, the legal deposit obliges broadcasters to submit all their programmes of French origin broadcast for the first time, as well as a daily sample of television news, and an annual sample of games and sports retransmissions. The legal deposit also requires all channels to submit seven sample days, every year, providing an entire day’s programming.
The programmes collected as part of the audiovisual legal deposit have gradually been extended to include cable and satellite channels, the free service known as TNT and regional channels.
This scope has been broadened several times in line with the increase in the number of channels.
- From 1st January 1995 to 1st January 2002, the legal deposit processes and methods for the seven Hertzian channels were launched and established.
- From 1st January 2002, all channels have been archived 24/7: Ina has captured and recorded all channels 24/7, importing metadata, and preserving files already in digital format; These developments have made it possible to extend recordings to the 12 historic cable and satellite channels, and in September 2003 to an additional 22 new TV channels, three peripheral radios and eight FM radio stations.
- As of 2005: the recording of eight new TNT channels as soon as they were launched, then eight additional channels in 2012.
- Over the same period, documentation processes have evolved.
- As of 2007, the service was extended to regional media: 24 France 3 regional channels (2007), and nine overseas channels, Outre-mer 1ère (2015).
Today, 103 television channels are recorded every day: general, theme-based, continuous news, sports, music and for younger generations, etc.
The collection carried out as part of the legal deposit is not designed for the professional use of Ina archives; Ina does not hold the rights for the archived programmes. Their consultation is reserved for researchers and students working in the audiovisual sector.
The Programme Observation Service
Ina also manages the Programme Observation Service, now the CSA, which covers the entire recordings of national Hertzian channels from 1986 to 2001 for TF1, France 2 and France 3, and from 1992 to 2001 for Canal+, Arte and M6. This collection represents some 500,000 hours of programmes conserved in digital format.
Regional public metropolitan channels
The regional collections, which reflect the wealth and diversity of life in the French regions, are made up of news bulletins, news magazine programmes and programmes recorded in regional languages, such as Alsatian, Breton, Occitan and Basque.
These archives group the programmes shown on the regional channels of RTF, ORTF, FR3 and then France 3. The earliest archives date from the beginnings of the 1950s.
Since December 2007, France 3 Régions’ 24 channels have been included within the scope of the legal deposit